Hydrogen and helium and some lithium, boron, and beryllium were created when the universe was created. In defense I want you to know that practically everyone, except for the astronomer researching stellar evolution, uses this loose meaning of "creation".
Strong emission lines of neutral oxygen and ionized sulfur distinguish their spectra from planetary nebulae and H II regions. The supercompact point mass is called a black hole because the escape velocity around the point mass is greater than the speed of light. It was much simpler to say that oxygen was "created" as a by-product of the photosynthesis process.
Originally, we thought planetary nebulae were simple expanding spherical shells that look like rings on the sky because when you look along the edge of the expanding spherical shell, you look through more material than when you look toward the center of the shell.
Despite the name, stars on a blue loop from the red giant branch are typically not blue in color, but are rather yellow giants, possibly Cepheid variables. Larger quantities of these lighter elements in the present universe are therefore thought to have been restored through billions of years of cosmic ray mostly high-energy proton mediated breakup of heavier elements in interstellar gas and dust.
The material that formed our solar system incorporated some of the remains of previous stars. Ninety percent of all stars, with the exception of white dwarfsare fusing hydrogen by these two processes.
And they are also resonated as their L1 Lagrangian points in all other inner s-subshells. This can then form oxygen, neon, and heavier elements via the alpha process. Also, the Helix Nebula is probably two disks oriented perpendicular to each other.
Hydrogen fusion nuclear fusion of four protons to form a helium-4 nucleus  is the dominant process that generates energy in the cores of main-sequence stars. It is apparent with the UVS atomic model that as a result of the 2nd sphere and the 3rd sphere are rendering four additional Lagrangian points outwardly to the next outermost subshell of an electron shell, which are rendered by the two pairs of L4 and L5 Lagrangian points manifested with the two primary L1 and L2 Lagrangian points, or with its harmonics resonated in the outer electron shells.
Elements with odd numbers of protons are formed by other fusion pathways. These reactions are not direct but build up through binary reactions leading to Be8 with a very short lifetime: A diagram showing the five Lagrangian points.
The UVS atomic model In a similar recursive manner, the 32 Lagrangian points in the N shell are harmonically manifested on the 4s, 4p, 4d, and 4f subshells. As it passes the slower moving red giant wind material, the gas shapes the denser blobs into comet-like shapes.
Planetary nebulae and H II regions are lit up by the action of ultraviolet light on the gas, while supernova glow from shock-wave heating. It is thought that the primordial nucleons themselves were formed from the quark—gluon plasma during the Big Bang as it cooled below two trillion degrees.
This is the region of nucleosynthesis within which the isotopes with the highest binding energy per nucleon are created. The Trojan asteroids of Jupiter, as can be empirically observed, can be perceived to be withheld in the torus-shaped spheroidal unisonal vortex of the K shell by the nested spinor fields and the harmonics manifested from the L4 and L5 Lagrangian points of Jupiter.
Aug 02, · Stellar nucleosynthesis is the process whereby most of the elements on the Periodic Table are created. Nucleosynthesis means the synthesis of new elements from the nucleons (protons and neutrons) of lighter elements.
When a stellar iron core collapses, large numbers of neutrinos are formed, then: they immediately pass through the core and escape to space. What is stellar nucleosynthesis?
Stage 8: Planetary Nebula or Supernova Chapter index in this window — — Chapter index in separate window This material (including images) is copyrighted!.See my copyright notice for fair use practices.
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Stellar Nucleosynthesis Chapter index in this window — — Chapter index in separate window This material (including images) is copyrighted!.See my copyright notice for fair use practices. Hydrogen and helium and some lithium, boron, and beryllium were created when the universe was created.
Classic text and essential primer for understanding stellar evolution and nuclear astrophysics. This was a required supplementary text for my upper division undergraduate course, but can be used in for a graduate course as well.
thesanfranista.com is for anyone who wants to learn more about astronomy events, cosmology, planets, galaxies, asteroids, astrophotography, the Big Bang, black holes.What is stellar nucleosynthesis